Turkey is a familiar dish that appears on every family’s Thanksgiving table, mainly in the US and Canada. Up to now, behind this special dish are interesting stories.
Before the 19th century, Americans had no idea of raising cattle for meat so no one wanted beef on the holiday. Chicken is more appreciated, but roosters are usually chewy and hens is for laying eggs. Deer meat is also an option, but not every family can hunt before the holiday. Pork is not a suitable dish for this special occasions.
In 1621, turkey which was originally the food of the first residents from England to settle in the US in the colony of Plymouth, quickly became popular on Thanksgiving and Christmas. The British have previously used geese meat on special occasions. However, eventually, turkey was chosen because of its cheap price as well as being not fishy, easy to buy.
In 1862, the president – Abraham Lincoln declared Thanksgiving a national holiday, and turkey became a traditional food for every American family.
On November 25th, 2009, the president – Obama spared a turkey called Courage. Courage was then taken to Disneyland and became the host of the Thanksgiving parade in the famous park.
In 2015, the United States consumed 46 million turkeys during Thanksgiving. The chicken is cleaned, seasoned with spices, ginger, sliced onions and red wine, and then put on the refrigerator overnight. After being seasoned, the chicken will be stuffed with carrots and sliced potatoes and baked for 1 hour. Every 20 minutes, it is spreaded a layer of honey
Turkey has become a very popular dish, especially when it was introduced by the British writer – Charles Dickens into his classic “A Christmas Carol” published in 1843. The work become the favorite of many people across the United States and many other countries in the world. Some historians believe that turkey was a gift from Scrooge to the Cratchit and it was placed in the middle of the banquet in rich and poor families.
Turkey evokes a image of abundance. Even so, this has changed in the years of the 19th and 20th centuries. Ai that time, birds became the image of the working class and the poor who usually receives turkeys from charities during holidays.
The US continues to use turkey as its main dish for Easter, but on Christmas, people who cannot afford to buy turkeys will move to entertainment by playing games or using pork instead of turkey.